|  Actividades   |  Cambio imprevisto o decidido ¿Cómo abordarlo?

Cambio imprevisto o decidido ¿Cómo abordarlo?

 

En la vida y en nuestras organizaciones nos encontramos con procesos de cambio que a veces nos sobrevienen y otras veces escogemos. Sean del tipo que sean el proceso de tránsito de un estado a otro es complejo, a veces con incertidumbre, otras con gran carga emocional, y si se trata de un cambio que afecta a un equipo u organización, compartiremos ese proceso con una gran diversidad de ritmos y maneras de transitar.

Os queremos dejar algunas notas sobre tipos y modelos de cambio que quizá os traigan un poco de luz y os ayuden a vivirlos o a iniciarlos.

 

Existen a grandes rasgos dos tipos de cambios:

  • Imprevistos: Algo cambia en nuestro entorno y tenemos que ajustarnos de alguna manera a la nueva situación
  • Decididos: No estamos del todo satisfechos con algo que hacemos y decidimos hacer pasos para cambiarlo

En el caso de que sea un cambio decidido, dentro del ámbito organizativo, tenemos de nuevo dos tipos:

  • Dirigido: El cambio surge desde una parte de la organización con poder suficiente para implantarlo a nivel global (normalmente surge desde la dirección)
  • Participativo: La intención de cambio surge también desde una parte del sistema, pero se invita a todo el sistema a participar en el proceso

 

Dentro de los procesos de cambio imprevistos, la mayoría de modelos existentes se basan en el modelo de Kübler-Ross, que se creó inicialmente para explicar la transición que vive una persona tras la muerte o la pérdida de un ser querido o para acompañar personas en estados terminales. Este modelo de duelo se utiliza también (con algunas variaciones) para explicar cambios sobrevenidos que ocurren a los equipos y organizaciones.

Las fases de este modelo son las siguientes:

  1. Choque. Sorpresa ante un evento o situación que nos ocurre a nivel personal, de equipo o de organización
  2. Negación. Incredulidad, búsqueda de evidencias de que lo que está ocurriendo no puede estar pasando
  3. Frustración. Lento reconocimeintos de que las cosas son efectivamente distintas. Aparecen aquí sentimientos de frustración y rabia.
  4. Depresión. Estado de ánimo de baja energía, desmotivación e inseguridad sobre el futuro
  5. Aceptación. Cambio de actitud, sensación de que es necesario seguir adelante
  6. Integración. El cambio se asume, se aprecian las ventajas que éste trae, las personas se sienten con energía renovada

 

Por lo que respecta a los modelos de cambio decidido, existen muchos disponibles, mencionaremos algunos por si queréis profundizar en ellos:

  • El modelo de los 8 pasos de Kotter es un ejemplo de cambio decidido que se iniciará desde una posición de poder en la organización. Describe cómo tiene que ser el proceso para que sea exitoso, pero no entra tanto en definir las fases de éste.
  • El modelo ADKAR sí apunta 5 fases que deberían estar presentes (y seguirse en este orden) en todo proceso de cambio consciente:
    • Awareness
    • Desire
    • Knowledge
    • Ability/Action
    • Reinforcement
  • El modelo de la Teoría U describe también 5 fases para un cambio consciente y participativo en un movimiento desde fuera hacia dentro y hacia abajo, y desde el interior de vuelta al exterior y hacia arriba (en forma de U)
    • Coiniciar
    • Copercibir
    • Copresenciar
    • Cocrear
    • Coevolucionar
  • El modelo de Indagación Apreciativa es también un modelo de cambio decidido y participativo, y propone 4 fases  que se podrían también integrar en los modelos anteriores:
    • Descubrimiento
    • Sueño
    • Diseño
    • Destino

Podemos diseñar nuestros procesos de cambio combinando más de uno de los modelos anteriores, ya que atienden a distintos aspectos del proceso de cambio.

Este jueves tenemos una píldora online sobre Gestión del cambio, en la que abordaremos en más detalle algunos de los modelos anteriores. Si te interesa participar tienes más información en este post

Comments:

  • 22 septiembre, 2020
    dobsonz

    HquN2v buy cheap cialis http://pills2sale.com/

  • 25 septiembre, 2020
    Matthew

    What qualifications have you got? sumatriptan 100mg tablets dosage «In many cases complaints about the gold price are a ruse, since the uncontrollable gold price allows mine management to divert attention from their own role in mine profitability, namely control of costs,» he says.

  • 25 septiembre, 2020
    Emma

    Languages viswiss male enhancement pills
    «The (finance) minister’s plans are the first step towardsentering the private market. If parliament agrees, the firstopportunity for an IPO would be the first half of 2015,» GerritZalm, the ABN AMRO chief executive, said in a statement.

  • 25 septiembre, 2020
    Laurence

    Lost credit card metformin and synthroid I knew Ian Lustick when we were students together at UC Berkeley in 1970-71. We were both part of a left-wing Zionist group on campus that published a newspaper called “The Jewish Radical.” Ian was a brilliant and charismatic graduate student in Political Science, as I recall, and he was a strong Zionist at that time.

  • 25 septiembre, 2020
    Martin

    I’d like a phonecard, please contiflo od 4 mg Libya’s authorities are struggling to form a professional army and police, and regularly use the former rebels who battled against late dictator Moamer Kadhafi to secure the borders or to intervene in tribal conflicts.

  • 25 septiembre, 2020
    Douglass

    I love this site is voltaren gel a prescription There is a special way of coaching the creative type England lack. They have natural flair, natural vision and spatial awareness. But in our game, which has been very regimented in terms of set positions, there has been a lack of trust in the free-spirited playmaker.

  • 25 septiembre, 2020
    Martin

    I’m retired depo medrol veterinary use Sandra Allen, a public school teacher charged in a scheme to bill the federal government for tutoring services that were never provided, tried to cop Monday to a conspiracy count. But her plea deal collapsed after she broke down wailing and then refused to admit she knowingly helped to bilk Uncle Sam.

  • 25 septiembre, 2020
    Giovanni

    Cool site goodluck 🙂 wellbutrin memory side effects The latest outbreak in Congo was thought to have started inAugust in the remote northern Equateur province after a hunterbrought home an infected bush animal carcass

  • 25 septiembre, 2020
    Royce

    I’m a partner in rizatriptan 10 mg wikipedia «Will our family seek to sell The Times? The answer to thatis no,» the publisher, Arthur Sulzberger Jr., who is alsochairman of the New York Times Co, said in a statementreported on the newspaper’s website. ()

  • 25 septiembre, 2020
    Domenic

    Could you give me some smaller notes? arcotel allegra zagreb review SIR – Not everyone may agree with the letter entitled »Playing is learning’’ (September 12), but it is important to encourage informed debate. The response of Michael Gove’s office was to refer to the signatories as “those who bleat bogus pop-psychology”. This kind of language is dangerous, ill-informed rabble-rousing, in which a minister’s “gut feeling” is assumed to trump decades of research and experience. It does not.

  • 25 septiembre, 2020
    Nogood87

    Could you send me an application form? songhh.net The Novartis treatment stimulates muscle growth. Patients who took it during midstage testing «substantially benefited» compared with those taking a placebo, the drugmaker said. Novartis plans to present results from the study in October at an American Neurological Association meeting.

  • 25 septiembre, 2020
    Vicente

    I’ve only just arrived buy strattera online us pharmacies However the reality is that the Chinese authorities still tightly control the internet, and any serious allegations against senior leaders are immediately censored unless they have been officially sanctioned, our correspondent adds.

  • 25 septiembre, 2020
    DE

    It’s serious fentanyl iv dosage bluelight A High Court panel ruled Aug. 1 that the party’s regulations violate the constitutional provision of secularism by saying it wants to impose Shariah, or Islamic law. Because of the court decision, the party could be barred from taking part in the next elections.

  • 25 septiembre, 2020
    Israel

    Have you got a telephone directory? lamisil pediatric dosing tinea capitis None of the affected product remains on sale, but the agency advised that if people had bought the whelks from independent shops, market stalls or mobile seafood vans, then they should throw them away.

  • 25 septiembre, 2020
    Winford

    I’d like to order some foreign currency demarini 2016 nvs vexxum baseball bat A team led by KAIST Civil and Environmental Engineering Department’s Professor Hyeon Myeong has just finished testing the cooperative assembly robot for jellyfish population control, named JEROS, in the field.

  • 25 septiembre, 2020
    Clint

    We’ve got a joint account tamsulosin basics 0 4mg hartkapseln retardiert Regional differences are more notable, she says, especially the sharp decline in Western states, where the percentage of circumcisions fell from 63.9% in 1979 to 40.2% in 2010. It was highest in the Midwest, 71% in 2010.

  • 25 septiembre, 2020
    Emma

    Could you give me some smaller notes? how much does viagra cost at asda Prof Prieser and colleagues from the University of Bonn and several South African research institutions collected droppings from 62 bats from 13 species in South Africa. They screened the pellets for coronaviruses and analysed their genetic structure. They found the insect-eating Neoromicia’s coronavirus bore the closest resemblance to the MERS-CoV of any known virus, proving a better match than coronaviruses carried by bats from Europe and China.

  • 25 septiembre, 2020
    Austin

    real beauty page citalopram 10mg and weight gain The social media giant can use the more secretive processthanks to the Jumpstart Our Business Startups (JOBS) Act, whichloosened a number of federal securities regulations in hopes ofboosting capital raising, and thereby increasing job growth.

  • 25 septiembre, 2020
    Efren

    Where are you calling from? valtrex 500 mg price The divide is especially evident among those whites who self-identify as working class: 49 percent say they think their children will do better than them, compared with 67 percent of non-whites who consider themselves working class.

  • 25 septiembre, 2020
    Terrance

    I’m a partner in montelukast levocetirizine syrup brand names Unlike their U.S. counterparts, officials setting up major championship venues over here have generally avoided lengthening the courses in response to balls that fly farther and better-conditioned athletes, relying instead on pot bunkers, thick gorse and dicey weather to protect them. That attitude was best summed up by John Philp, the former greenskeeper at Carnoustie, who delighted watching the best golfers in the world squirm.

  • 25 septiembre, 2020
    Darron

    A company car estradiol gel kaufen ohne rezept The U.S. ambassador to Oman wrote in a Sept. 15, 2008 cable published byWikileaks that his office would «continue to remind relevant officials asappropriate of the potential applicability of the Iran Sanctions Act,» but notedthat «Oman’s urgent need for new gas supplies and dearth of potential suppliersseverely limits receptivity to our message».

  • 25 septiembre, 2020
    Kristopher

    An envelope buy allegra-d online «You’ll see a lot of these very severe, open wounds that you don’t see unless you’re in a high-velocity type of injury,» Dr. Craig Cook, trauma director at Utah Valley Regional Medical Center. «This is like a war type of injury or a motor vehicle crash.»

  • 25 septiembre, 2020
    Damien

    Can you put it on the scales, please? most trusted viagra site In Buenos Aires he was known for his frugal lifestyle and since his election to the papacy four months ago, Francis has shown a common touch, rejecting much of the formality that was associated with his predecessor, Benedict XVI.

  • 25 septiembre, 2020
    Edwin

    When can you start? where to buy cheapest drugstore makeup “I gave out 3,000 bracelets with the 1-800 number on it to people who were dealing with it; Alzheimer’s, and said they had never heard of the Alzheimer’s Association,” said Fussel. “They don’t know there are people out there that care about them.”

  • 25 septiembre, 2020
    Dewey

    We were at school together expired cefadroxil LeBron is being questioned routinely about Blatt and refusing to play that game with the assembled media

  • 25 septiembre, 2020
    Roland

    What do you do for a living? ibuprofen 800 preis 50 stck Lhota said he’s been calling for to close schools on the two days throughout his campaign. «We have a growing Muslim community in the city of New York and their religion needs to be respected as all other religions are respected,» he said Wednesday.

  • 25 septiembre, 2020
    Willian

    Will I be paid weekly or monthly? risperidone tablets in india Seed producer Monsanto, among others, vehemently oppose efforts to force food manufacturers to label products that contain genetically engineered ingredients, and argue that there is no evidence to suggest that GMO food are bad for human health.

  • 25 septiembre, 2020
    Francesco

    I’d like to pay this in, please is prevacid 30 mg available over the counter «It's not right that suppliers are not getting paid on time for the work they do and the services they provide and I know that late payment can have devastating effects on our small and medium-sized businesses,» added Mr Cameron.

  • 25 septiembre, 2020
    Irea

    Languages woodmark pharmacy careers «Board level meetings are carefully minuted and you mighttherefore have detailed evidence, but however reckless someoneappears with the benefit of hindsight, will it stand up incourt?» said Gregg Beechey, a London-based partner at law firmSJ Berwin. «You wouldn’t get the whole board to vote for anacquisition if the case wasn’t reasonably convincing at thetime.»

  • 25 septiembre, 2020
    Deangelo

    How long have you lived here? vitamin c ampul untuk kulit Unsurprisingly, there’s a social element at play as well. Nissan said the watch keeps an eye on and rates how a user performs across Facebook, Twitter, Pinterest and Instagram through its Social Speed software. Alerts for a new message and back-patting messages like «You tweet like a pro» are apparently part of the package.

  • 25 septiembre, 2020
    Jonathan

    A pension scheme where can i get tylenol 3 in canada Just ask Philadelphia resident Katharine Paljug, who takes a beach trip to South Carolina each spring with a group of friends. The group devised a system that involves totaling receipts from food, alcohol and activities and calculating how many people were there each day, since they tend to come and go. Then each person contributes based on the number of days they were there and the amount they spent on expenses.

  • 25 septiembre, 2020
    Barry

    Languages furacin pomada comprar «KERS, gearbox, you name it…driving the car so far off the potential is unbelievable and so massively frustrating,» the Australian told television reporters after qualifying at the Hungarian Grand Prix.

  • 25 septiembre, 2020
    Norman

    Good crew it’s cool 🙂 megalis 20 mg benefits in hindi Jared Levy, author of «Your Options Handbook» and managing partner at Belpointe Alternative Investments in Greenwich, Connecticut, says it is no surprise that baby boomers are driving the options train. «A lot of the increasing volume has been coming from boomers with high net worth who have gained the ability to trade from home.»

  • 25 septiembre, 2020
    Jerrod

    How many days will it take for the cheque to clear? discount pharmacy springwood The Dec-15 Euribor,, among the more liquid longer-term contracts, fell 10 ticks to 99.055, meaning the underlying Euribor rate was expected to settle at 0.945 percent in December 2015 rather than at 0.935 percent before the Draghi speech.

  • 25 septiembre, 2020
    Andrea

    This site is crazy 🙂 mil rue pharmacy
    If no deal is reached, many outside observers including debt-ratings firms assume the government will begin prioritizing payments to bondholders over others, rather than risk defaulting on its debt, the Journal said.

  • 25 septiembre, 2020
    Myles

    A financial advisor citalopram medscape The Boston Red Sox pulled off one of the most miraculous comebacks in postseason history Sunday night, scoring five runs in the final two innings — four via a dramatic game-tying grand slam — to steal a win and even up the American League Championship Series at one game apiece.

  • 25 septiembre, 2020
    Angelo

    Where did you go to university? buy motilium online canada «It's great that Twitter has listened,» she said. «There are still issues: users have to agree for the report to be potentially shared with the harasser, and there are some boxes that could be auto-populated that aren't. But overall, this is a fantastic first step.»

  • 25 septiembre, 2020
    Kelley

    I’d like a phonecard, please apcalis tadalafil tablets This week Miley Cyrus shocked no one when she showed up at an Alexander Wang party in pasties and a rash

  • 25 septiembre, 2020
    Armand

    In a meeting order priligy dapoxetine Kinnevik now owns a 37 percent stake, EFF has 18 percent,while retail group Tengelmann trimmed its stake to 6 percentfrom 7 percent and German venture capital firm Holtzbrinck to 8percent from 11 percent as they sold shares to Povlsen.

  • 25 septiembre, 2020
    Richie

    Could you ask him to call me? xtrasize australia
    MLB’s investigation into Rodriguez, Braun and other players associated with Biogenesis began last year, when the Daily News first reported that Melky Cabrera, now with the Toronto Blue Jays, had created a fictitious website for a supplement the outfielder claimed had inadvertently caused him to test positive for elevated levels of synthetic testosterone. Cabrera, who was suspended for 50 games for the drug violation, was assisted by Juan Carlos Nunez, a Bosch associate who worked with Cabrera’s agents, Sam and Seth Levinson.

  • 25 septiembre, 2020
    Roderick

    I’m in a band dapoxetine beirut “No,” Nicks said. “I should’ve come down with those. You know me, I don’t make no excuses. I should’ve came down with them. They expect me to and I expect myself to. But it didn’t go like that.”

  • 25 septiembre, 2020
    Moshe

    What do you do? propranolol hydrochloride 80 mg for anxiety Last month, Procter & Gamble — the makers of Tide pods — announced they would stop using the clear, candy jar-like containers for the products in an effort to discourage children from trying to eat the product.

  • 25 septiembre, 2020
    Kristopher

    How long have you lived here? doxazosina 2 mg prezzo A two-time widow from a family of well-known traffickers, Avila captured the public imagination with her rise to power in the deeply macho culture of Mexican drug-smuggling and her penchant for the finer things in life. With a life that reads like a Hollywood script, she has been interviewed by Anderson Cooper on 60 Minutes, published a book and been immortalised, it is said, as the protagonist in the novel Queen of the South by Spanish author Arturo Perez-Reverte.

  • 25 septiembre, 2020
    Eugene

    Could you please repeat that? naproxen during pregnancy To the north is the Interior, the most road-accessible part of the state, with highways that take you to Denali and Wrangell-St Elias national parks and some of the finest scenery in North America.

  • 25 septiembre, 2020
    Rodger

    How much is a First Class stamp? aleve coupon walmart But the scope of its investigations in the world’ssecond-biggest economy have gathered pace in recent months andcoincide with criticism in official media about the price ofgoods such as milk powder, medicine, luxury cars and jewellery.

  • 25 septiembre, 2020
    Earle

    This site is crazy 🙂 generic norvasc 5mg picture Carrie Wells (Poppy Montgomery) is brought from Queens to the Major Crimes Section of the NYPD in Manhattan to consult on a high-profile kidnapping, on the second season premiere of  «Unforgettable.»

  • 25 septiembre, 2020
    Dario

    Do you need a work permit? diclofenaco acido libre 9 mg/5ml These Southeast Asian firms have been able to grow fromSingapore, a energy trading hub home and world’s two largestoffshore rig builders – Keppel Corp and SembcorpMarine, and oil-exporting Malaysia.

  • 25 septiembre, 2020
    Samuel

    Very interesting tale nizagara uk Food prices surged last summer due to a historic drought in the United States. Before that in early 2011 they hit an all-time high, leading to riots in poorer countries and helping fuel the Arab Spring uprisings in the Middle East and North Africa.

  • 25 septiembre, 2020
    Federico

    We’d like to offer you the job retin-a buy uk Boeing was forced to halt deliveries of the jet while it wasgrounded and airlines stopped ordering the plane during thatperiod. Orders have since resumed and Boeing has logged 83 787orders this year, bringing its current order book to 930 planes.

  • 25 septiembre, 2020
    Warner

    I’ve come to collect a parcel how to use nizagara tablets Oh well, I’m sure after waiting all summer that Gunners fans can hang on for another ten minutes. In fact, just as I type that, Hayley McQueen on Sky Sports News assures me that an announcement will be coming up by six o clock.

  • 25 septiembre, 2020
    Eddie

    Incorrect PIN corega pris Other key failings included nurses not flushing taps regularly in intensive care units to reduce the risk of infections found in stagnant water, and hospital staff not disposing of needles and other waste in a safe and appropriate way. The health board described the latest report as “extremely disappointing”, but stressed it had already taken action to address the concerns highlighted by the watchdog. However, patient groups branded the failings unacceptable and called for the health chiefs responsible to lose their jobs.

  • 25 septiembre, 2020
    Scotty

    I work with computers east berlin pharmacy inc Rates for those ages 45 to 64, the bulk of the so-calledBaby Boomer generation, were also a concern as their obesityrates were 30 percent or higher in 41 states. In Alabama andLouisiana, their rate reached 40 percent.

  • 25 septiembre, 2020
    Harry

    I don’t like pubs cheap risperdal online PITTSFORD, N.Y. — You knew that, before he came out to meet the media after his opening round of the PGA Championship at Oak Hill, Tiger Woods had to have had a private moment seething Thursday, the kind that would have included a club toss or expletive had it occurred spontaneously on the course.

  • 25 septiembre, 2020
    Justin

    I live in London taking tylenol for hangover
    While held in a CIA-run prison in Romania, Mohammed asked if he could design a new vacuum cleaner, the Associated Press reported in July. His captors said yes. As a former CIA official said, describing him and other detainees – «We didn't want them to go nuts.»

  • 25 septiembre, 2020
    Vicente

    Some First Class stamps thumper mini pro2 massager Advertisers just aren’t that interested in tipping large amounts of their ad budgets into mobile-specific campaigns unless they’re selling mobile content or related products. As Dunn points out, most big-brand marketers would rather buy a sponsored post on Facebook, a promoted tweet on Twitter or a piece of sponsored content direct from a publisher that will reach their audience regardless of the device they happen to be using. They’re interested in audiences, not device-types, and that’s a problem for mobile ad networks.

  • 25 septiembre, 2020
    Jenna

    I don’t like pubs depakote therapeutic level range »Anyone in my position and worried about spending Christmas alone, should give them a ring

  • 25 septiembre, 2020
    Edward

    I’d like to transfer some money to this account can you get drunk off benadryl PayPal, an online payments broker, has admitted it mistakenly credited a man with $92 quadrillion (£60 quadrillion). The company quickly recognised the error and returned the customer's account to zero.

  • 25 septiembre, 2020
    Abdul

    I’d like to take the job cymbalta and buspar In its 2013 note calendar, Freddie Mac said all dates arewindows of optional issuance and on each announcement date itwill provide the maturity date and dealer syndicate, and that itmay forgo any scheduled monthly issuance.

  • 25 septiembre, 2020
    Hipolito

    I love this site prilosec used for gastritis Ms Roberts, 38, lost a legal battle to stop her son receiving radiotherapy treatment, which she believed would cause Neon to suffer long-term harm, after the removal of the tumour last October.

  • 25 septiembre, 2020
    Martin

    Have you got a telephone directory? generikus viagra A court gave Wang the death penalty in 2007. However, Wang appealed, on the basis that «prosecutors had not yet prosecuted him for the [additional] rape and murder that took place in [Hebei capital] Shijiazhuang» in 1994, state-run news agency Xinhua reported.

  • 25 septiembre, 2020
    Nathanael

    I can’t get a signal harris teeter long point pharmacy U.N. investigators say Assad’s forces have carried out war crimes including unlawful killing, torture, sexual violence, indiscriminate attacks and pillaging in what appears to be a state-directed policy. They say rebels have also committed war crimes, including executions, but on a lesser scale.

  • 25 septiembre, 2020
    Molly

    Another year generic differin coupon
    «I just feel it’s an unfortunate consequence of that era,» Piazza said before the ceremony that preceded the Mets’ season-ending game against Milwaukee. «Not to get into a deep dissertation of fault, but in a perfect world, if we could go back and do things again, I’m sure we would have done a lot of things different.

  • 25 septiembre, 2020
    Leigh

    I’m a trainee can viagra work with alcohol «Maybe,» he responds. «I don’t know much about the company and I’m going in with an open mind to let them tell me more about the organization and the job. I’m open to seeing if this is a good opportunity for me.»

  • 25 septiembre, 2020
    Isidro

    Until August low cost levitra 20 mg So how do these accidental acetaminophen deaths occur? Imagine you’ve had major dental surgery, and your dentist prescribes a five-day supply of Percocet. You take the recommended two pills every six hours for 2,600 milligrams of acetaminophen, well below the 4,000-milligram-a-day safety threshold.

  • 25 septiembre, 2020
    Rosario

    Stolen credit card order viagra online canada “Cystoscopy is a very unpleasant procedure and quite embarrassing,” Probert said.  â€œâ€¦There’s a lot of anxiety and stress involved.  We’d like to replace that with a urine test that could at the very least stratify the patient into low-risk or high-risk.  So the patients who don’t need to have that extra test done can come back and have a urine sample analyzed.”

Sorry, the comment form is closed at this time.

El Camino del Elder.

Camino del elder SL C/ San Andrés s/n 22623 Artosilla (Huesca)
(+34) 676793800
info@caminodelelder.com